Although the title might be a bit of a mouthful, whether you can use a basecoat as a topcoat or a topcoat as a basecoat is a question that lives in many people’s heads after they have had a manicure.
You might think it is a simple answer and that surely they are the same thing? Well, unfortunately, they are not, and we’re here to tell you why.
So read on to find out whether you can use them interchangeably and what result you might get if you do!
What Is A Base Coat And What Is A Top Coat?
A basecoat is a clear product that is applied to the nails before you apply nail polish. It is used to create a barrier between the nail polish pigments and the fingernails and to hold the nail polish to the nail.
It serves as a separating layer between the nail and the first layer of polish. A topcoat, however, is the final step of any manicure or pedicure and is a clear polish that seals the layers of color underneath.
It helps to prevent chipping, cracking and peeling, whilst also leaving your nails looking pretty. It can give you either a high-gloss, matte, or shiny finish and helps you achieve the final effect you have been after.
Can You Use A Base Coat As A Top Coat Or A Top Coat As A Base Coat?
Technically, you can use the two interchangeably. However, if you did decide to do this, you would not get the same level of performance as if you just used the right coat.
Sometimes, using the wrong coat can affect your manicure and make it more prone to chipping and peeling. This is a result of base and topcoats having different ingredients and being made for different purposes.
A basecoat acts as an anchor for your nail polish whereas a topcoat is more of a shield. Though they use similar ingredients a lot of the time, they use these in different proportions.
A basecoat for example would use more plasticizers and sticky resins, whereas a topcoat would have more film formers.
Using A Base Coat As A Top Coat
There are several reasons why you should avoid using a basecoat as a topcoat and these include:
1. It Will Not Protect Your Nail Polish
A proper topcoat will protect your nail polish from the environment, whether this is UV light, water, or other chemicals that make them lose color or make them prone to peeling.
Top coats, unlike basecoats, have film formers to help them for a hard and durable layer. This protects and seals your nails off.
basecoats on the other hand create a much softer layer and therefore will not protect your nails as much if used a topcoat. Some basecoats have a sticky top layer and this will not protect but simply ruin your manicure.
2. You Will Not Get A Glossy Sheen
Top coats give your manicures a lovely long-lasting glossy and shiny appearance. A lot of basecoats will create a similar glossy effect but it will not last as long and will be washed away easily.
3. It Will Not Bond With Nail Polish
Top coats are specifically designed to stick firmly to your nail polish so that it lasts longer. Basecoats, however, bond firmly instead with nail plates, and this creates a surface for your nail polish to attach itself to.
This means if you applied a basecoat on top, it would simply wash away.
Using A Top Coat As A Base Coat
Similarly, there are several reasons why you should avoid using a topcoat as a basecoat and these include:
1. It Will Not Adhere To Your Nail Plate
A basecoat is almost like double-sided sticky tape and holds to your nail plate which creates a sticky later for your nail polish to bond with. They usually have high levels of resins and this allows them to bond with your nails.
A topcoat on the other hand won’t stick to your nail plates the same as they are designed to only bond with the nail polish. This means if you use a topcoat as a basecoat, you will not create a good foundation, and your nails will be prone to peeling.
It might even reduce the duration your nail polish lasts, instead of extending it. This is why we recommend you not apply anything before your polish if you do not have a proper basecoat.
2. It Will Not Protect Your Nails From Staining
A lot of basecoats prevent the polish from staining your actual nails. Some nail polishes have a lot of pigmentation and this can cause your natural nails to stain.
A lot of basecoats create a solid layer over your nails to prevent the pigments in your nail polish from ever reaching your nail plate.
Since topcoats do not offer this protection, if you use it instead of a proper basecoat, your nails might get stained and in the long run, will develop a slightly yellow tinge.
All In One Base And Top Coat
This is exactly what it sounds like! Because so many people want to use them interchangeably, many brands are offering a 2 in 1 product, so you can use the polish as a basecoat and as a topcoat.
However, a lot of these brands tend to not do a good of a job as they would do if you bought them separately and they will not perform as effectively.
The products tend not to adhere as well to nail plates. They, therefore, do not offer as much protection for your nails and nail polish.
That being said, there are some reasonable and affordable options on the market and if you’re someone who prefers an all-in-one kind of product, do not let us dissuade you.
They are great if you are on a budget, or trying to save money and they do the job, just maybe not as effective as specialized products might do.
Frequently Asked Questions
What Is The Main Difference Between A Base Coat And A Top Coat?
The main difference between the two is the position and function of their application. A basecoat of nail polish is applied to the base of the nail before polish, whereas a topcoat is applied on top of the nail polish or nail art as an extra layer of protection.
What Happens When I Don’t Use A Base Coat?
If you don’t use basecoat on your nails, you could end up with stained nail beds. Skipping this step can result in pigments from the polish leaching into the nail plate and yellowing the nails.
What Happens When I Don’t Use A Top Coat?
When you don’t use topcoat, your manicure will not last as long. You might notice your nail polish begins to fade and peel off a lot more quickly.
Is It Better To Use A Top Coat Or A Base Coat?
Using both is most beneficial, but if you really can only get your hands on one, it’s best to stick with a base coat to protect your nail beds.
Although a topcoat gives a glossy finish, a basecoat protects your nails more and prevents any staining when you remove the nail polish.
We hope by reading this article, you have learned a little more about what a topcoat is and what a base coat is, and how they differ from one another.
Although they can be used interchangeably, it is not recommended, and for best results, you are much better off buying one of each and using them for their specific purpose.
Using both will not only preserve your manicure but also your nail beds, and keep your nails healthy, glowing, and shiny for as long as possible!